Bonsai Plant Guide: Trees and shrubs are suitable for traditional bonsai.

Specialty nurseries often have a wide selection of dwarf and semi-dwarf varieties of many species. Dwarf plants, however, do not always convey the same impression as their full size
counterparts because their growth habits are quite different.

Some trees and shrubs that work well as bonsai are azalea, beech, boxwood, ginkgo, maple, oak, pine, wisteria, and zelkova.

AZALEA: Hiryu, Rhododendron obtusum; Satsuki azalea, Rhododendron indicum; Kurume, Rhododendron obtusum.

BEECH: American, Fagus grandifolia ; European, Fagus sylvatica.

BOXWOOD: Buxus species.

ELM: Chinese, Ulmus parvifolia (many small-leaved cultivars)

FIRETHORN: Pyracantha species

GINKGO: Ginkgo biloba

HAWTHORN: English, Crataegus laevigata; Washington, Crataegus phaenopyrum.

HEATHER: Scotch heather, Calluna vulgaris.

HORNBEAM: American, Carpinus caroliniana (for large bonsai); Korean, Carpinus coreana;
Japanese, Carpinus japonica.

IVY: English ivy, Hedera helix and cultivars.

MAPLE: Japanese, Acer palmatum (use palmate rather than dissectum type, preferably a
seedling, not a grafted tree); Amur, Acer ginnala ; Hedge, Acer campestre; Trident, Acer buergeranum.

OAK: Willow oak, Quercus phellos.

PINE: Austrian, Pinus nigra Bristlecone, Pinus aristata Japanese red, Pinus densiflora Japanese white, Pinus parviflora Japanese black, Pinus thunbergiana Mugo, Pinus mugo Scots(Scotch), Pinus sylvestris Swiss stone, Pinus cembra White, Pinus strobus (dwarf varieties) Pemphis acidula: Santigue.

WISTERIA: Japanese, Wisteria floribunda YEW: Taxus species and cultivars.

ZELKOVA: Japanese, Zelkova serrata American gardeners have taken bonsai concepts and applied them to houseplants. By combining traditional procedures for handling houseplants with bonsai concepts of design, growers have created different bonsai styles. The following woody
plants (native to the tropics and subtropics of the world) have been grown as indoor bonsai. These plants can be obtained from either local or specialized nurseries.

ACACIA: Acacia baileyana.

ARALIA: Balfour, Polyscias balfouriana; Ming, Polyscias fruticosa; Geranium-leaf, Polyscias guilfoylei.

CAMELLIA: Common, Camellia japonica; Sasanqua, Camellia

CITRUS: Citrus species (calamondin, kumquat, lemon, lime, orange, and tangerine).

CHERRY: Surinam, Eugenia uniflora-

CYPRESS: Monterey, Cupressus macrocarpa.

FIG: Mistletoe, Ficus diversifolia.

HERB: Elfin, Cuphea hypssopifolia.

HIBISCUS: Chinese hibiscus, Hibiscus rosa sinensis ‘Cooperi’.

HOLLY: Miniature, Malpighia coccigera.

JACARANDA: Jacaranda acutifolia.

JADE: Crassula species.

JASMINE: Jasminum parkeri; Orange, Murraea paniculata; Confederate star, Trachelospermum jasminoides.

LAUREL: Indian, Ficus retusa.

MYRTLE:Classic, Myrtus communis.

OAK: Cork, Quercus suber; Silk, Grevillea robusta.

ORCHID TREE: Bauhinia variegata.

OLIVE: Common, Olea europaea.

PEPPER TREE: California, Schinus molle.

PLUM: Natal, Carissa grandiflora.

POINCIANA: Royal, Delonix regia.

POMEGRANATE: Dwarf, Punica granatum ‘Nana’.

POPINAC: White, Leucaena glauca.

POWDERPUFF TREE: Calliandra surinamensis.

SERISSA (Snow Rose, Tree of a Thousand Stars): Serissa foetida (nicest of
all indoor bonsai).

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